Syndromic surveillance are the methods of detection of persons and population health indicators that are discernable before really diagnosis is made.
syndromic surveillance aims at identifying illness clusters early before diagnosis’s are confirmed and reported to public health agencies, and to mobilize a rapid response, thereby reducing morbidity and mortality. Syndromic surveillance involves a series of 6 steps that when interconnected may results the expected results.
syndromic surveillance was introduced by Massachusetts in 1874 and it was initial called “sentinel surveillance” its main objective was to monitor on health status and health related behaviors of its citizens Over year syndromic surveillance has improved due to improve in technology. Modern tools have been used in collecting and analyzing data to give accurate expected results.
The syndromic surveillance have number of goals that need to be attained. Identification of diseases of public health importance’s is one of the critical goal and an objective of the surveillance. This is to aims at reducing the mortality and morbidity rate of a disease in a country by studying its epidemiologic trends.
Identifying quickly outbreaks and reducing there effects by applying epidemiologic techniques in approaching the disease to ensure the mortality rate or morbidity rate decreases. Elimination of comunicable diseases and some of the non communicable diseases by Identifying the risk factor and the population at risk Monitor trends of diseasesMonitoring disease trends to ensure case mortality rate reduces or remain as it is is also among the goals of the surveillance.
Monitoring the health effects of extreme weather conditions like global warming is also a goal of the surveillance.
Syndromic surveillances have great impacts on health that is, from the management board down to the patient. Syndromic surveillance has earlier identified outbreaks that were to be of health emergency concern. Early identification of this diseases has influenced the management team to come up with early interventions to reduce the impact of the disease in the population. This has also reduced the cost of treatment of the disease since much intervention has been made hence reduce the incidence and prevalence ration.
Identification of population at risk has also led to easy monitoring of certain disease hence reduce their impacts.