In healthcare industry today, care coordination models normally entails systematic strategies that are geared towards enhancing continuity and bridge transition gaps of care. In most cases, this employs the case of care or rather case management, whereby a responsible individual or team assist the patients in managing their medical care and navigate interactions with the health care systems (Vrijhoef, 2022). A care coordination model is operated by care coordinators who connect people to health and human service programs. Such systems play an important role in making referral, developing a personalized care plan, and in managing the exchange of information between health care providers and other human services organization. An effective and efficient care coordination model takes into account the general continuum of health care services, knowledge transmission, early child care and primary care and early intervention mechanism, food and nutrition elements and housing among other human services which are essential in improving the quality of life for the general population.
Introduction Reconstruction Era in America from a moderate Revisionist standpoint contends that the era was neither a complete failure nor a sufficiently progressive attempt to provide black Americans full voting rights and political representation. The era begins with Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation and ends with the Compromise of 1877. This summary begins with Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation and finishes with the Compromise of 1877. Although the official beginning of Reconstruction did not occur until the end of the Civil War in 1865, it is generally acknowledged that the era began in 1863, when President Lincoln signed an executive decree known as the Emancipation Proclamation. This is despite the fact that the end of the war in 1865 did not mark the commencement of Reconstruction. This “freed” all slaves in America, but only on paper because the federal government and the Confederate States were at war at the time. However, the declaration was extremely clear regarding the destiny of slaves in the South in the event that the Union was victorious in the war. Foner also focuses on key events that took place before Reconstruction but had a substantial influence on the policy that was established after the Civil War. In specifically, he discusses the Port Royal Experiment that was done during the years 1861 and 1862. The Port Royal Experiment took place in Union-controlled territory in the Sea Islands, which are located off the coast of South Carolina. This initiative was meant to serve as a potential model for wider Reconstruction efforts. Following the abandonment of their slaves by their Confederate owners, a total of around ten thousand persons were abandoned on the islands. While this was going on, Union and other Northern authorities studied the ex-slaves’ work and lifestyle patterns to see if they were fit for farming without white landowners. The research’s results could help guide future Reconstruction initiatives. Without the same degree of formal education as white Americans, former slaves, despite their unquestionable work ethic, would be at a huge disadvantage. Even if they worked harder than white Americans, this would still be the case. Despite the fact that the Civil War was still ongoing in 1864, the Confederate army and other significant rebel organizations had been driven out of a number of Southern states. This necessitated a discussion between Congress and Lincoln regarding next moves in the case of a Confederate capitulation. To enact the Wade-Davis Act, the so-called radical Republicans in Congress fought hard. A majority of voters in each former Confederate state would have to take an oath dubbed the “Ironclad Oath” and affirm that they had never supported the Confederacy for the bill offered by Ohio Senator Benjamin Wade and Maryland Representative Henry Davis to pass. A state that joined the Confederacy cannot rejoin the Union without this. Lincoln strongly disagreed with the Wade-Davis Bill and instead advocated for the “10 Percent Rule,” which stipulated that just 10% of a Confederate state’s population had to swear to uphold the Emancipation Proclamation. Lincoln took a stand that was diametrically opposed to the policies enshrined in the Wade-Davis Act. Lincoln’s vice president, Andrew Johnson of Tennessee, succeeded him as president after his assassination in 1865, although he never had the chance to implement Lincoln’s Reconstruction plans. Johnson was significantly more hesitant to endorse the extreme goal of the Republican Party than his predecessor, Abraham Lincoln. Many believed that Johnson would not devote himself fully to the Reconstruction effort, in contrast to Lincoln’s portrayal of him. It was his hope that the Reconstruction would be finished before the year’s end. Meanwhile, radical Republicans had a more nuanced understanding of the problems of restoring the South’s economy and ensuring that freed slaves had equal access to democratic institutions like voting and schooling, according to Foner. As a result of this controversy, President Lyndon B. Johnson’s administration and the radical Republicans, headed by Pennsylvania’s Representative Thaddeus Stevens, fell deeply at odds with one another. The section of the party led by Stevens won a two-thirds majority in the 1866 election, giving them the power to efficiently manage Reconstruction while also thwarting Johnson’s hasty measures. Johnson avoided impeachment and expulsion from office, but his ability to steer the country during Reconstruction was severely constrained. Foner claims that the years between 1866 and 1868 were the most fruitful for the advancement of laws protecting the rights of former slaves. The Civil Rights Act of 1866 disenfranchised President Andrew Johnson and guaranteed that all citizens of the United States, regardless of color, would be eligible to vote and hold public office. It also guaranteed that all citizens of the United States would be eligible to vote and run for public office. The Fourteenth Amendment was also ratified in the United States of America, guaranteeing the permanent establishment of certain protections. Foner highlights the many ways in which significant federal laws were unable to quickly improve the living conditions of freedpeople in the South. As a direct result of congressional actions done in the name of “Radical Reconstruction,” growing white supremacist organisations like the Ku Klux Klan exposed these people to unprecedented levels of brutality and intimidation. The economic crisis of 1873, commonly referred to as the “Panic of 1873,” affected the South particularly hard, and this violence only got worse as a direct result. It was widely known that the Radical Republicans’ efforts to rebuild the South had failed, and as a result, the political center began to tilt toward the Democratic Party. As a result of the “Corrupt Bargain” or “Compromise of 1877,” Reconstruction officially came to an end in 1877. The race between Rutherford B. Hayes of the Republicans and Samuel Tilden of the Democrats for the presidency in 1876 was a tight one. For the sake of ending the election question, the Democratically controlled House of Representatives decided to acknowledge Hayes as president after he committed to withdraw federal forces from those Southern states where Republicans were still dominating Reconstruction activities. Nonetheless, the deal was conditioned on Hayes’s wording this commitment. Without them, the government would be unable to protect the newly established legal rights for freedmen. For decades to come, African Americans in these states would face unrelenting acts of violence, intimidation, and voter suppression. Conclusion Foner presents a vivid picture in his all-encompassing history of the Reconstruction Era, written mostly from the perspective of former slaves residing in the South, of how the Radical Republicans’ good intentions fell short due to economic downturns, political jockeying, and severe bigotry. He achieves this by providing a wealth of specifics about what happened during this time frame.However, the vast majority of white Southerners believed that black people could never be as successful as whites. This led white southerners to the widespread view that African Americans should remain in a position of subordination, and they initially turned to black codes and violence to enforce this belief.
The Psychology of the development of children has attracted the attention of several scholars and this raises significant debates in academic discourse. The early strategies of humanity play a critical role in the formation of character and behaviors in human beings. The learning theory examines how other individuals in the formative stages of child development influence its attitudes and behavior while psychosexual development connects child development to personality development and conflict resolution among other competencies. The cognitive development theory, on the other hand, explains the knowledge acquisition process of a child from an early age. Scholars who subscribe to the socio-cultural approach examine the impact of the interaction of children with significant others as they grow up. The various theories enable the analysis of the various factors that determine the psychological and behavioral states of human development. Modern psychologists must positively critique these theories based on their observation of child development
Proper psychotherapies in the vastly evolving world come with various clinical approaches highly utilized by professional counselors to achieve their works efficiently. Based on the analysis of the SAGE encyclopedia, there are different approaches to counseling. Although they are different approaches to counseling techniques, the main role of psychotherapy includes solving the ever-increasing problems of different people in the developed world. The process of counseling and theories bases its superiority on human functionalities. There are extensive variables to consider while undertaking counseling procedures. The main problem affecting the proper execution of the counseling process in the developed world include variances in clients’ accounts and circumstances, counselor’s communications techniques, diversifications of clients, and counselor’s mood (Nusse & Clevers, 2017). Therefore, the best fit of counseling theories and approaches depends on the counselor’s ability to examine the client’s histories and situations, understand appropriate therapist’s communication techniques, invigilate their moods, and comprehend the differences between different clients. There are different theoretical approaches in conducting psychotherapy. The research centers its superiority on systemic and psychoanalytic counseling theories unveiling their importance, strengths, and their weaknesses.
Counseling is a broad term in the 21st century. It involves a collaborative effort between the client and the counselor. Councilors help clients identify their goals and solutions to the problems causing turmoil. Many clients under counseling contain strength in their self-esteem, improved communication abilities, good behavioral changes, and optimal mental health. Clients should understand going to see the counselor is the first step. The clients recover from counseling sessions once their problems become manageable or resolved. Positive outcomes are less predicted in some therapy techniques (Xia et al., 2021). The positive outcomes lie in the counselor’s ability to provide enthusiasm confidence and show beliefs of the patient’s ability to change. It is hard to change people; the counselor needs to encourage the clients to move towards the change. Most clients in the developed world are likely to achieve their goals when there is a healthy and trusted relationship between the clients and their therapists. The techniques used by counselors to engage the client acts as an effective tool for helping their relationships. There are important basic counseling skills for the therapist to apply. Therefore, it is important to acknowledge the role of basic counseling skills, including listening, empathy, genuineness, and open questions in effective counseling and their risks and limitations.
This section entails the description of the store operations of one of the major London drugs locations in the United Kingdom. In this context, the researcher ought to explore on the London Drugs located at Oxford Street in United Kingdom.
ITERATURE REVIEW AND DISCUSSIONAssignment No.Student’s NameDateLecturer’s NameHealth and Safely representative for the kitchen departmentThere are numerous hazards to consider when you have kitchen and waiting staff rushing back throughout the day in small spaces. Hot surfaces, hazardous substances, sharp enforces, and electricity and gas devices are examples. Each of these achieve exceptional the probability of an accident and the severity of the damage if one occurs. In professional kitchens, major incidents are all prevalent. When a Health and Safety Executive learns that safety protocols haven’t been accompanied, a large fine will almost certainly be foisted (Zhao et al., 2019). As a result, it is essential that you comprehend and handle Health & Safety in ones cooking area.Sprinklers frequently cause slips, excursions, and begins to fall. This is critical to tidy up any spills and dry the surface as soon as possible. Place caution signs that say wet floor and even barricade off particular areas after washing until the floors seem to be dry. Slips and trips have been frequently caused by irregular flooring or damaged tile floors. Floorboards should be kept in good condition, and corridors or areas in which staff may walk must be kept free of impediments. Pay close attention to objects that are raised in the cooking area, particularly if they are incredibly heavy and difficult to maneuver. Employees should be trained in safe lifting methods and should not force, squeeze, or drag heavy objects as this could result in a muscle strain ( Sharm & Jain , 2019). When trying to lift heavy objects, team members should indeed be asked to assist and, if feasible, a strength training device should be employed first.While using knives, use extreme caution and be extremely cautious of glass objects. Kitchen staff must use caution with using knives and other pointed cookware, as well as when dealing glass items, which can end up causing severe cuts. Once operating near hot liquids, great caution must be exercised; they should always be protected when not straight started working with. Having to carry pans or containers containing hot liquids should be done with caution, as they can alternatively splash and scald. Definite activities, such as releasing vapor windows and sapping and washing fat grease traps, require reasonably safe.Cleaning materials, if improperly handled, can be hazardous and cause skin issues. Ability to handle definite foods can also result in inflammatory skin as well as other skin problems.When carrying a knife, every time keep it responded by pointing down to the ground and never in front of you. Once relocating hot pots, cookware, and cardboard boxes, always notify others – if necessary, shout hot, While you taste gas, every time check your devices (Cardoso et al., 2021). Maintain floors evident and dry at all occasions – sweep up any fluid spills instantly, don’t ever throw glass shards in the trash without encasing it, don’t ever overwhelm electronic wiring and never insert or disconnect electric cables with wet hands, and never place a hot glass baking dish of the cooker on a wet road. Knife injuries account for 3% of all injuries, while according Safework. Finger and hand accident are most frequently encountered in commercial kitchens and take place throughout most of the cooking process whereas cutting, snipping, cutting it up, and spooning mutton. Often these incidents are caused by using the incorrect knife for the work or having a dull knife. As a result, having to carry food safety precautions is a must in every kitchen to ensure the safety of your working team. Washing of hands, vegetables and fruits are among the assessments. Utensil cleaning with warm, warm water and detergent. Make certain that your food is properly cooked. A common sources of food toxicity is uncooked foods. Use a temperature probe to check that the temperature is greater sufficiently kill microorganisms when preparing food to try and make sure that one’s food is properly cooked.Transfer of dangerous bacteria through one person, item, or location to another is referred to as cross-contamination. Cross-contamination prevention is critical in the prevention of foodborne disease. Hands should be washed frequently for seconds with water and soap. Wiping down the backs of one’s fingers, among both fingers, and under nails (Cho & Leem, 2020). To avoid cross contamination, rinse your hands after interacting with raw meat on a regular basis. Following each use, wash surface areas and cookware with hot water and soap.Rinse vegetables and fruits prior to actually peeling or chopping them. Washing meat or poultry is not recommended. Germs from raw meats and poultry flavors may sprinkle and disperse to those other foods, cookware, and floors as a result (Abebe et al., 2020). Choose a plate which has possibly been impacted or polluted by raw chicken, mutton, or fresh fish for any other purpose unless it has been washed in warm, water and soap first. Maintain clean cutlery and floors. Cleaning your workstation on a routine basis, particularly when trying to cut or managing raw food, is an essential way to prevent getting infectious diseases from ones snacks. And same holds true for chopping boards. This is due to the presence of dangerous microorganisms in raw food, particularly meat and poultry, which can lead to food poisoning or other unpleasant illnesses. So, disinfect your chopping board after each use to avoid foodborne illness.ReferencesZhao, Y., Liu, L., Tao, P., Zhang, B., Huan, C., Zhang, X., & Wang, M. (2019). Review of effluents and health effects of cooking and the performance of kitchen ventilation. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 19(8), 1937-1959.Sharma, D., & Jain, S. (2019). Impact of intervention of biomass cookstove technologies and kitchen characteristics on indoor air quality and human exposure in rural settings of India. Environment international, 123, 240-255.Cardoso, M. J., Ferreira, V., Truninger, M., Maia, R., & Teixeira, P. (2021). Cross-contamination events of Campylobacter spp. in domestic kitchens associated with consumer handling practices of raw poultry. International journal of food microbiology, 338, 108984.Cho, W. I., & Lee, S. J. (2020). Fault tree analysis as a quantitative hazard analysis with a novel method for estimating the fault probability of microbial contamination: A model food case study. Food Control, 110, 107019.Abebe, E., Gugsa, G., & Ahmed, M. (2020). Review on major food-borne zoonotic bacterial pathogens. Journal of tropical medicine, 2020.
1. HOOK Line For the hook, we shall use a rhetorical question. This will have the effect of having the reader analyze the situation from my perspective. Furthermore, it will enable me to influence the reader’s state of mind, pushing them to look for the answers to the rhetorical question. Consequently, as the paper progresses and answers are provided, the reader can find satisfaction in their curiosity being quenched, and the summary as well as the themes of the book supplement this.
1. What Is Macroeconomics? Microeconomics is the study of the behavior of individual economic agents. Microeconomics asks how individuals allocate their time, income and wealth among various opportunities for labor, leisure, consumption, and savings. Microeconomics also studies the process by which individual firms decide on output levels, possibly prices, and the resources that will be …
Written Assignment: Biology and Technology in the Real World Addresses course outcomes 1-4: recognize and explain how the scientific method is used to solve problems make observations and discriminate between scientific and pseudoscientific explanations weigh evidence and make decisions based on strengths and limitations of scientific knowledge and the scientific method use knowledge of biological …