$20 Dissertation

BINOY PLANNING DIS

The weighted scoring method makes sense of which projects have the highest chance of success and which ones will likely fail (Heeks, 2003). The more weight is given to a particular criterion, the higher the score that project gets concerning other projects. Choosing the project with the highest weighted score is a good idea to create a sound plan. If we take the example of Project A, this project has a weighted score of 16 and has already been delayed. The weighted score of Project B is 14, and it has not been delayed. It also seems like Project C has a weighted score of 17, so it should be given priority as well. The most important concept for me in this chapter was the method for selecting projects based on weighted scoring models. It seems like these models are very useful when choosing one project over another because they give you an idea of how good or bad each project is compared to others so that you can make an informed decision about which one deserves your attention most (Atkinson, 1999). In this case, Project A received 16 points for meeting all three criteria: * It is a new project with no previous successes or failures * It has good market potential * It has sufficient resources to implement the project I would choose Project A because it has the most potential to succeed. This is because Project A has a weighted score of 16, while the other two projects have weighted scores of 14 and 17, respectively. This means that Project A is more likely to be completed on time and with higher quality than the other two since the weighting system uses relative scores. Project B’s lower score than A means that it may not be as likely to be completed on time and with high quality as A. This can be seen below:

Industry 4.0

Industry 4.0 also called the Fourth Industrial Revolution is characterized by a connection of technologies that are blurring the lines between the physical, digital and biological worlds. Industry 4.0 technologies are playing a major role in transforming the supply chain, making it more efficient, agile, and responsive to customer needs. The concept of Industry 4.0 was first introduced in Germany in 2011, and it has since gained traction internationally as a way to describe the fourth industrial revolution. This industrial revolution is characterized by a number of new technologies that are transforming traditional manufacturing and production processes. The Fourth Industrial Revolution is known to have a number of benefits including; they can help to optimize supply chains by reducing waste and improving visibility into the entire system that they can help to improve the quality of products and services. For instance, by using sensors and other devices to collect data throughout the production process, companies can identify problems and potential errors much more quickly and easily and can also be used to create customized products that are better able to meet the needs of individual customers. Industry 4.0 technologies can also help to improve the working conditions for employees. On the other hand, some challenges include; ensuring compatibility between different Industry 4.0 technologies and systems and the technologies are able to seamlessly integrate with existing supply chain systems and infrastructure. This paper comprises of six chapters namely; introduction, literature review, methodology, data analysis, findings and conclusion.

green consumption and sustainability

Green Consumption And Sustainability As A Contemporary Consumer Issue Student Name University Course Professor Name Date   Green Consumption And Sustainability As A Contemporary Consumer Issue Following the industrial revolution of the 18th century, humanity has seen a shift in economic structure from agrarian based to relying heavily on factory production. Such an economic system promoted large-scale production and consumption based on a consumerism culture. According to consumerism, firms seek to satisfy their consumers with every means possible. Due to this culture of viewing the customer as the king, firms have been striving to produce products that can satisfy endless wants on the consumers’ side consumerism promoted material obsession and purchasing unnecessary goods and services. The duo had an effect whereby their emerged greed and vices all in pursuit to achieve these excessive productions. Less than two decades after the onset of the industrial revolution, society witnessed the depletion of vital resources, such as the oil crisis of 1973, environmental effects, and global warming. There were emerging concerns on the future generation as vital resources grew scarce. For instance, a country like china which can be described to have witnessed massive growth in industrialization, despite having improved Gross Domestic Product (GDP), country witnessed several environmental problems. The major problems are associated with environmental pollution, such as the Song Hua river pollution witnessed in 2005, 2008’s incident of Taihu Lake pollution, cadmium pollution experience in Guang Xi Long Jiang in 2012, and most recently, haze weather experience in Beijing in 2014. Other problems brought about by consumerism culture are deeply rooted in social issues such as health and economic stability due to depleted resources. To elaborate on contemporary consumer issues, this paper focuses on green consumption and sustainability as the key issue influencing consumer behaviors in postmodernism. The paper highlights existing literature on how green consumption has developed and its associated factors. Most importantly, this paper will elaborate on the implication of green consumption to marketers today. Fundamentals Of Green Consumption By definition, green consumption refers to activities aimed at reducing the negative effects of indivuals actions on the environment by lowering the number of resources and energy used, eradicating toxic susbtanceds, and preventing wasted production. Another green consumption name is ustainability, which begins at the production process. Therefore green consumption can also be described as beginning with the production to post-consumption processes. At the production level, green consumption seeks to achieve environmentally friendly production processes and use renewable energy. Green consumption as a contemporary issue involves consumers making their buying choices based on products that have little or no negative impact on the environment. The key interest includes zero emissions, zero waste, and zero energy building. Several studies and literature have discussed the various aspects of Green consumption. Some of the fundamentals of green consumptions are as elaborated below. Green products and services Green producrs and services have been described by numerous scholars to be those products or services that produced the least or no harm to the environment according to green products and servies generally encompasses recycling tecniques or parts that can be recycled to reduce encironmental impact, uses less energy, have little or no toxic susbtabced and have reduced the repackaging rate. Aadd gere provides a characteristics of green products and services. These characteristics includes products and services that are not dangerous to human and animal health, does not harm the environment during their production, use and disposal, does not consume excessive energy and resources during it production, consumption or disposal, have les packaging to redyuce waste. These characteristics are also mirrored by who include other characterisics such as local production to eradicate distribution cost, engineered to bring maximum benefits to consumers, are easy to repair and are not tested on animals. because the emergence of the green consumption, which has led to a lot of popularity among a wide number of consumers, is a kind of brand-new consuming manner and living belief, since it results in a lot of popularity among a large number of consumers. It takes into account the influence on the environment, the efficiency with which resources are used, and the rights of consumers. Sustainable consumption is at the center of green consumption, which adheres to people’s health and environmental protection and is founded on the principle that consumer health protection and resource conservation are of equal importance. The China Consumers Association identifies the following as the three primary definitions of “green consumption”: To begin, it inspires consumers to purchase environmentally friendly products. Second, it pays attention to the disposal of rubbish during the process of consumption in order to avoid environmental damage. Third, it advises consumers to modify their notions of consumption in order to advocate for nature and pursue health. To live a life of comfort without sacrificing the environment’s future, we must reduce our use of resources and energy and work toward sustainable consumption. Marketers, researchers, practitioners, and politicians all view young consumers as one of the most important groups to focus their attention on. It has been discovered that millennials are becoming an increasingly influential demographic and are extremely concerned about the sustainable agenda. According to the findings of a poll that was carried out in 2014, millennials are the generation most willing to pay more for environmentally conscious products and services. They have strong environmental values, and 71 percent of them want brands to be ethical and environmentally friendly. On the other hand, 61 percent of them want brands to engage with the social issue. In a new report titled Engaging Tomorrow’s Consumer, the World Economic Forum investigates the power and potential of consumers of the future. In addition to this, members of Generation Z who are between the ages of 15 and 20 are willing to pay a higher price for goods and services provided by businesses that are devoted to making a beneficial social and environmental effect.

AFL++ and Static Analysis

What is AFL++? AFL++ is a fuzzer developed from the American Fuzzy Lop fuzzer to incorporate all features in the AFL family fuzzers developed earlier but not merged in AFL. The AFL++ fuzzing framework comprises AFL-fuzz which is a fuzzer with many configurations and mutations, different source and binary code instrumentation modules, utilities for test cases, and helper libraries (Heuse et al., 2022).

STD rates among adolescents and young adults in Baltimore, MD & the impact, interventions

STD rates among adolescents and young adults in Baltimore, MD & the impact, interventions Introduction The adolescent and young adult population is particularly vulnerable to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Teens often lack information about sexual health issues and are at a greater risk of becoming infected with an STD or HIV/AIDS due to lack of access to sexual health information and services (Alhassan, 2019). In addition, peer pressure and lack of control over their own sexuality increase teens’ risk for acquiring an STD. Therefore, it is important to understand the factors that play a role in promoting sexual risk behaviors among youth in order to develop effective prevention and intervention strategies to reduce the spread of STDs. Teen pregnancy and STDs have been on the rise since 2010, but efforts have been made to promote healthy sexual behaviors (Ljubojević, 2010). Cities across the United States have implemented various prevention programs targeting youth to reduce the rate of teen pregnancy, but research on the effectiveness of these prevention programs is limited. The rates of STDs in adolescents and young adults are continuously on the rise, affecting over 1 million people annually. Baltimore faces a number of public health problems including drug addiction and HIV, which correlate with other STDs in adolescents. The project is aimed at increasing awareness and providing services to help reduce sexually transmitted infection (STI) rates within Baltimore City (Hsu, 2022). Many people who contract a sexually transmitted infection (STI) do not have an awareness of the disease or are not willing to seek medical attention. A large part of the transmission occurs through infected partners with no knowledge of their status. The project aims at educating these individuals regarding their risk and decreasing their rates of infection by providing quality healthcare. According to the CDC, Baltimore has 3,707 reported cases per 100,000 people and is the second highest city for sexually transmitted infections rates in the United States (CDC, 2022). A collaborative approach with the Baltimore City Health Department and local clinics will be used to provide education to prevent the spread of STDs. The project will also assist in identifying at risk individuals and providing intervention services. There are several areas to address within the community to reduce the spread of STIs significantly such as economic, social, and behavioral factors. Majority of the prevalence of STIs is affecting those in poverty with limitations on access to quality health care. The prevalence of adolescent and young adult STD rates is on the rise and adversely affecting the health of the local population. Therefore, it is important to understand the factors that play a role in promoting sexual risk behaviors among youth in order to develop effective prevention and intervention strategies to reduce the spread of STDs. Identification of key stakeholders Stakeholders are essential to this project because they have the resources and knowledge to improve the lives of others. All stakeholders who provide services to the population are key. The populations at risk for STIs are adolescents, young adults, and women who are of reproductive age (Grieb, 2018). Local Health Departments and clinics have a large client base with access to individuals who will be educated about STIs. The stakeholders will be identified through the Baltimore Health Department and by visiting local clinics that may provide testing and treatment of STIs. The stakeholders with be asked for their input and participation in the project. The populations that are more at risk for contracting an STD are those who may not have access to health care and lack knowledge about the disease. Engaging these individuals is essential to ensure that they will receive treatment if infected. Non-traditional stakeholders like churches, schools, barber shops, restaurants, and even social media sites will need to be used for educating individuals about the risks of STIs in Baltimore City, whom will be identified by Baltimore Health Department. These non-traditional organizations are located mostly in poverty stricken areas where high rates of STIs occur among adolescents. These individuals are the most at risk, with limited knowledge of their status and often unaware that they could be infected. Education, testing, and treatment will allow users to have increased access to quality healthcare. Community assessment (Phase 1) The community of Baltimore City is a large part of this project and educating the community will be essential to reduce the spread of STIs. This can be done through utilizing non-traditional organizations that have a high concentration of individuals at risk for contracting an STI. The community of Baltimore City as a whole has an accumulation of non-traditional organizations that can be used to educate individuals about STIs (Burns, 2020). These non-traditional organizations are smaller and have limited resources, but they are located in the city where most of the infections occur. Such organizations will be key members to provide awareness and testing for the project. Planning grant money is allotted for community outreach and education. The project hopes to distribute educational pamphlets, flyers, and posters throughout the city to ensure that all individuals will have access to information. The Baltimore Health Department is working with local clinics to identify the needs in their communities and will be able to answer questions regarding testing and treatment of STIs. The local clinics are essential members of the community because they are located within Baltimore City and serve Baltimore residents. The health behaviors and lifestyles (Phase 2) The health behaviors and lifestyles that most clearly influence the outcome the community seeks that must be changed to affect the issues are sexual activity among adolescents and young adults, alcohol consumption, drug use, and smoking (Young, 2018). These health behaviors have been found to have a profound impact on the spread of STIs. The issue of drug use is a key component in this project because it indirectly affects the spread of STIs. Within Baltimore City, many adolescents and young adults are using drugs and alcohol as a form of self-medication to reduce DOMS, one of the important indicators for HIV infection. To reduce the risk of contracting an STD will require integrating prevention services to minimize the use of drugs and alcohol in adolescents, particularly identifying those at risk for contracting an STI. The majority population that engages in risky sexual activity is teenagers who are most likely to contract an STD. The project will work with Baltimore City Public Schools to educate students about STDs. The Baltimore Health Department will distribute educational pamphlets in schools, a community worker or volunteer from the project will sit down with the students and answer their questions such as what are the risks of STIs, how long does it take for a person to develop an STD, and how early should you know if you have an impurity (Ware, 2019). The community worker or volunteer will also provide males and females with condoms, which can be used for low-risk sexual activities. Project Goals The project will accomplish three objectives, which will address the key health issues of Baltimore City. In addressing the issue of STIs, the project will accomplish three short-term and one long-term objective. The primary short-term goal is to ensure that all individuals within Baltimore City are educated about safe practices and STDs. The intermediate goal is also essential to reducing the spread of STIs as it will help individuals identify an infection and treat it accordingly. It is safe to say that if individuals are able to take a test for an STD and know when they have been infected, they will be able to get tested when needed for treatment. The long-term goal is for all individuals in Baltimore City to be tested for an STI when needed and treated accordingly. The project will strongly focus on educating adolescents because their health behaviors are key drivers in the problem of STIs. Baltimore City is a largely youthful community with a high number of individuals in the 15-24 year old age group. The project will educate adolescents on the risks of STIs, how to reduce their risk, and provide them with condoms to reduce the spread of an STD. The predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors that act as supports for or barriers to changing the behaviors and environmental factors you identified in Sections 1 and 2 (Phase 3) The project will find several factors that act as barriers to reducing the spread of STDs. The most prominent barrier is peer pressure, which is a key issue in Baltimore City. Peer pressure results in adolescents having sex with individuals who have STDs and possibly spreading it to other individuals. The behavioral change process will be a challenge for this program because it deals with personal behavior such as drug use, smoking, and risk-taking sexual activity among adolescents and young adults. While peer pressure is a key player in these behaviors, there are other factors that serve as barriers to change such as lack of knowledge about the risks associated with an STD and the fear of being labeled or judged by peers or family members. Also, individuals are unaware of the importance of being tested for an STD. The most prominent factor that acts as a barrier to changing risky sexual behaviors is lack of awareness and knowledge. These individuals do not feel comfortable seeking help because they are not educated on how to decrease their risk or how to reduce their partner’s risk. Other barriers to changing these behaviors includes lack of access to health care, lack of knowledge about emergency contraception (EC), and a lack of understanding that an infection can last years when left untreated. Intervention Plan (Phases 3 & 4) The intervention will be a community based educational program that will provide adolescents with education on the risks of STDs and safe behaviors. The project will work with Baltimore City Public Schools to educate students about STDs. The Baltimore Health Department will distribute educational pamphlets in school, a community worker or volunteer from the project will sit down with the students and answer their questions such as what are the risks of an STD, how long does it take for a person to develop an STD, and how early should you know if you have an impurity. The community worker or volunteer will also provide males and females with condoms, which can be used for low-risk sexual activities (ex: oral sex). The project will also provide adolescents with information on how early they should be tested for an STD and when to get treated for a possible infection. The project will have a strong focus on Baltimore City Public Schools because they are located in the center of Baltimore City and can reach a large amount of adolescents. Each year about 55,000 students are enrolled in Baltimore City Public Schools. Internal administrative issues that can affect the successful conduct of the intervention (Phase 4) There are several internal administrative issues that could affect the project. The most prominent issue is how to raise funds for the project. In order to raise funds for the project, Baltimore City Health Department would need to seek out funding from different sources such as community foundations and private organizations that have connections with foundations. The organization would also need to seek out grants from government agencies such as the United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Drug Abuse, National Institute of Mental Health; local health organizations; and private donors who have a personal connection with Baltimore City Health Department (Adil, 2020). In addition to seeking out funding, the project will experience several internal administrative challenges in terms of staff involvement and responsibilities. It will be a challenge to convince other employees within Baltimore City Health Department to help with this program. There are approximately over 1000 employees, which means that there will not be an abundance of volunteers for the project. Moreover, employees would need additional training and education on how to decrease the spread of STDs and the importance of treating an STD at the earliest stage possible. Another challenge is deciding on which individuals should take on a leadership role in this project and what their roles in the project are. The project will need to find community workers that are willing to sit down with adolescents, discuss the risks associated with an STD and the importance of being tested and treated. Baltimore City Health Department should also seek out individuals who have experience working with adolescents to participate in the program. The role of the community worker is to provide young adults with information about STDs in a private, confidential setting. The volunteer or community worker will educate adolescents about the risks of contracting and spreading an STD (Eaton, 2018). In addition, they will inform students how early they should be tested for an STD and when they should receive medical care if they discover that they have had sexual contact with someone who is infected with an STD. Funding and other resources for the intervention (Phase 4) Funding will be necessary because the project will need to continue to conduct research on how adolescents act in risky sexual situations, how their behaviors are shaped by their environment and peers, and other factors that lead them to engage in risky sexual activities. The project will also need money for advertising the program and distributing educational pamphlets such as condoms, MPOWERED campaign from Center for Disease Control (CDC), t-shirts containing slogans on safe sex, pamphlets containing information about STDs, and booklets explaining the importance of being tested for an STD. There are various funding opportunities available for this project including private donations from individuals or corporations who have a personal connection with Baltimore City Health Department; government grants; foundations; local health organizations; etc. Baltimore City Health Department will also need to figure out which individuals, both internal and external, are willing to help with the program. In order to hold a variety of activities including movie nights, workshops and lunches that will help promote the program among adolescents; Baltimore City Health Department will need volunteers from other departments such as the Office of Neighborhood Partnerships or Baltimore City Public Schools (Baltimore Health Department, 2018). The Intervention (Phase 5) The intervention will involve educating adolescents about STDs and teen dating violence. The project will also provide adolescents with condoms, a safe sex campaign from CDC and information on how to be tested for an STD. The first part of the project will focus on educating adolescents about STDs and teen dating violence. The community workers or volunteers will present students with posters that contain information on how to recognize an STD, the symptoms associated with an STD and the importance of being screened for an STD at least once a year. In addition, students will receive pamphlets on STDs and pamphlets containing information on teen dating violence such as how you can recognize a violent situation or abusive relationship and what steps you can take to get out of it safely. Procedure in carrying out the intervention (Phase 6) The intervention will involve identifying the adolescents who are at risk of contracting and spreading an STD. The community workers or volunteers would then set up meetings with those adolescents to discuss their risk factors and behaviors in order to reduce the spread of an STD. In addition, students will identify their friends who have risk factors for contracting and spreading STDs such as their attitude, knowledge about STDs, close proximity to sexual partners, and number of sexual partners (Pontes, 2021). Baltimore City Health Department will also distribute pamphlets including information on teen dating violence within the city high schools along with creating posters that contain the same information. The evaluation plan /the process of the intervention (Phase 7) Baltimore City Health Department will evaluate the project by interviewing adolescents and community workers who assist in the intervention (Baltimore Health Department, 2018). The project will ask adolescents about their thoughts on the program, if they feel that their behaviors have been inclined to be more cautious about sexual activity, their level of knowledge about STDs and what they think could be potential solutions to decrease the spread of STDs in Baltimore City. They will also ask community workers or volunteers to evaluate how they are addressing the problems associated with unsafe sex within different communities and how effective their strategies were. The project will also examine Baltimore City Health Department’s budget for this program. Intended impact on the behavioral and environmental (Phase 8) Baltimore City Health Department will evaluate the program by examining STD rates before and after the intervention. The city health department will also hold meetings with adolescents to understand if they are making informed decisions and have learned how to protect themselves from STDs. Baltimore City Health Department will also evaluate how much money was spent on the intervention and where it was spent. If a portion of the money was not used wisely or did not yield enough results, Baltimore City Health Department should re-allocate those resources to different programs that are more useful for their target population of adolescents. Conclusion The prevalence of adolescent and young adult STD rates is on the rise and adversely affecting the health of the local population. Therefore, it is important to understand the factors that play a role in promoting sexual risk behaviors among youth in order to develop effective prevention and intervention strategies to reduce the spread of STDs. References (CDC)., C. f. (2022). Sexually transmitted disease surveillance report . https://www.cdc.gov/std/health-disparities/cars-case-baltimore.html. Adil, M. B. (2020). Increasing access to STI services in the Medicaid program. Health sciences research commons. https://hsrc.himmelfarb.gwu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1031&context=sphhs_policy_informal. Alhassan, R. K.-F.-Y.-N. (2019). Determinants of use of mobile phones for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) education and prevention among adolescents and young adults in Ghana. implications of public health policy and interventions design. Reproductive health, 16(1), 1-11. Burns, P. A. (2020). Leveraging community engagement: the role of community-based organizations in reducing new HIV infections among black men who have sex with men. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 7(2), 193-201. Department., B. C. (2018). Sexual health clinics. https://health.baltimorecity.gov/health-clinic-services/STD-Clinic. Eaton, E. F. (2018). Do young black men who have sex with men in the deep south prefer traditional over alternative STI testing?. . PLoS One, 13(12), e0209666. Grieb, S. M. (2018). Identifying solutions to improve the sexually transmitted infections testing experience for youth through participatory ideation. . AIDS patient care and STDs, 32(8), 330-335. Hsu, K. K. (2022). Adolescents and Young Adults: The Pediatrician’s Role in HIV Testing and Pre-and Postexposure HIV Prophylaxis. Pediatrics, 149(1). Ljubojević, S. &. (2010). Sexually transmitted infections and adolescence. . Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica, 18(4), 0-0. Pontes, M. S. (2021). Senior Level Nursing Students Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Sexually Transmitted Infections. Ware, L. J. (2019). Environmental, social, and structural constraints for health behavior: perceptions of young urban black women during the preconception Period—. A healthy life trajectories initiative. Journal of nutrition education and behavior, 51(8), 946-957. Young, H. B. (2018). Sexual intercourse, age of initiation and contraception among adolescents in Ireland: findings from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) Ireland study. . BMC public health, 18(1), 1-17.

History development

Frontline for Sama Summary Name Course Date Discussion The story of Waad Al-journey Kateab as a journalist and rebel during the Syrian revolt is the film’s centerpiece. Sama Al-Kataeb is the daughter of Hamza Al-Kataeb, a doctor who is one of the few remaining in Aleppo, and she and her husband raised their daughter during the Syrian Civil War. After five years in Aleppo, Syria, the video depicts Waad al-life Kataeb’s five years of life in Aleppo, including the Battle of Aleppo (Pbs, 2022). When the uprising began in 2011, she was an 18-year-old economics student at the University of Aleppo. She falls in love, births her first daughter Sama, and learns to negotiate motherhood as the crisis engulfs the city (Pbs, 2022). Both she and her husband, a doctor working at one of the city’s few remaining hospitals, are faced with the agonizing option of whether or not to evacuate for their lives or stay behind to aid the innocent victims of war. Comparison between different cultural perspectives on policing, Courts and corrections between Syria and the USA In both Syria and the USA, jail harms public health. Prison has serious health repercussions for inmates and their families. Most offenders have pre-existing health issues due to their low-income, under-educated backgrounds and lack of access to competent healthcare. In overcrowded prisons, inmates’ health deteriorates due to lack of room, nutrition, and sanitation. Mental illness, HIV/AIDS, TB, hepatitis B and C, and other STDs are the most common causes of illness and death in jail. Suffocation, malnutrition, and diarrhea are common. TB is up to 100 times more common in prisoners than in general (UN, 2021). Preventing HIV transmission in prisons is prioritized in nations with prominent drug use and other high-risk behaviors. Many ailments affect both inmates and prison staff. People in prisons, jails, and other correctional facilities are more likely than the general population to have chronic illnesses like diabetes, heart disease, and mental illness (UN, 2021). Mass incarceration influences health inequalities across communities, not just behind prison walls. Drug trafficking and crime rate between Slovenia, Germany and USA The theft of vehicles, people and drugs is a significant crime in Slovenia. Among them are money laundering and gun trafficking. Slovenia is a prominent transit and source country for human trafficking. Forced labor, sex trafficking, and begging are common. Slave labor is increasingly frequent, especially in construction. Fewer victims are reported, but it is unclear if this is due to increased human trafficking or better detection measures. By 2020, cannabis will be involved in around 59% of all drug offences in Germany (UN, 2021). Germany has also emphasized drug trafficking issues. As a result, crime rates have risen. Due to the outbreak, pubs and clubs closed, reducing heroin and ecstasy-related crimes. Cocaine trafficking increased 9.6% year on year in 2020. Drug trafficking and crime rates in the USA were as follows: 1 298 more homicides in 2021 than in 2020. Gun assaults increased in 2021. Assaults with guns increased by 4%, and aggravated assaults by 8%. Robberies will rise in 2020. In 2021, burglary, theft, and drug offence rates fell 6%. Vehicle theft increased by 14% in 2021 (UN, 2021). Between 2020 and 2021, domestic violence climbed 4%. The tiny sample size warrants caution. As most programs in the US are dependent on criminal justice’s vast fields of professions, students pursuing this career are more advantaged and have a high possibility chance of thriving in future. Political analysts are high in demand, and other skilled crime investigators are in matters concerning political crimes. This is different in other countries as a crime in some countries is state-sponsored, and pursuing such careers could be so risky as it acts as a way of investigating the government. References Pbs. (2022). FRONTLINE | For Sama | Season 2019 | Episode 19. Www.pbs.org. https://www.pbs.org/video/sama-theatrical-version-dgbhlm/ United Nations. (2021). World Drug Report 2021. United Nations: Office on Drugs and Crime. https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/wdr2021.html

Employee well being

Film industry evolvement Name Course Date When and where did the idea of auteurism emerge? How was the auteur theory modified as it developed in different countries during the postwar era? In what ways did the notion of auteurism help critics explain movies? Cahiers du Cinema, a French publication founded in 1954, is the source of the auteur’s idea. “Book” or “notebook” is the definition of cahiers. To put it another way, the subtitle means something like “notes on the film.” Since 1951, the publication has been in existence (Britannica, 2022). French director Francois Truffaut, who would go on to become one of the most celebrated filmmakers of all time, wrote an attack on the status of French cinema in 1954 (Editors, 2017). Certain American films and directors were held up as excellent examples by him. Howard Hawks and Alfred Hitchcock, in particular, were championed by him. It’s no surprise that the auteur notion started thanks to a future director (Britannica, 2022). Later, Peter Bogdanovich would spend years interviewing some of the greatest filmmakers to promote auteurism. He went on to direct his films. Truffaut’s philosophy was dubbed “Auteur Theory” by American critic Andrew Sarris. An artist can be a movie director, and early filmmakers proved that. However, this isn’t true for all of them. To understand auteur theory, one must first understand what constitutes a director’s status as an auteur (Editors, 2017). Although directors played a vital role before the auteur theory, other elements remained relevant. A-listers. Production houses. Producers. In the 1930s, movies were often referred to as ‘Clark Gable movies,’ for example. In the early 1950s, the doctrine of auteurs revolutionized everything. Power was transferred from actors and producers to studio executives. Power has been transferred to the directors and designed for specific director types. In the end, it led to a director’s dilemma (Editors, 2017. Famously, Truffaut remarked that there is no such thing as a good or poor movie. Directors are either excellent or awful. He insisted that there are only good or bad directors. Theoretically, a director need not be a film artist to be a successful one. On the other hand, an auteur is a film’s personal and unique imprint given by an auteur filmmaker’s style and complete control over all production elements (Editors, 2017). He produces meaning with the instruments of cinema and the lens of his mind and personality. A skilled filmmaker made even a bad film. Not a fantastic film by an average director. The concept of auteurism also assisted critics in explaining movies. Because the film is an expression of the director’s artistic vision, each film by the same filmmaker will have a distinct theme and visual cues that tell the viewer who the director is (i.e. a Hitchcock or Tarantino picture) and exhibit the director’s constant artistic identity across their filmography (Cacchiotti,, 2019). This made it easy for critics to find it easy to explain movies. The concept of auteurism in France helped or motivated the emergence of critics and video explanations in various languages globally (Editors, 2017). The creativity in auteurs and film interpretation was seen to influence many other auteurs who came up in the industry as they had realized that the venture had gained other auteurs a lot of profits. French post war effects also gave a big chance for the Hollywood cinema industry to thrive (Cacchiotti,, 2019). The European cinema industry was seen as a threat to America’s industry. So America tried very much to beat the French industry. What kinds of stylistic techniques were favored by the new cinema directors of the 1960s? In what ways did they take advantage of New Cinema technologies? How was their inventiveness also reflected in the narrative design of their films? In other words, how did the new cinema directors modify the 1950s art cinema’s presentation of objective and subjective realism and authorial commentary? Use Midnight Cowboy or films discussed in the textbook as examples to support your answer. There are four most common approaches to Many advancements throughout cinema’s history, each of which has impacted the seventh art form’s production and consumption methods. The industry has never ceased inventing to create better films, from the earliest Lumière brother’s projections to the most recent computer-generated graphic flicks. Technology advancements like this have had a profound impact on film history (Vassiliki, 2020). I am studying movies. Films and filmmakers are judged on their aesthetic significance and influence using criteria determined by a criterion-based method, considering the problem from a technological angle, examining the situation from a monetary standpoint, and a socially conscious strategy. All parties in the theatrical sector were enjoying a new wave of technological advances in the 1950s (Vassiliki, 2020). It was all about upping the ante on the theatrical experience this time around to better compete with the ever-increasing spectacle that is television. In the 1950s, the motion picture industry was confronted with its first serious challenge to survival. Because of reduced studio control and the Paramount decrees, movie theaters had to deal with decreasing attendance and television’s new, more formidable competitor (Harris, 2021). Hollywood, seeking for shock value, was willing to overlook the format’s flaws by the early 1950s. Several improvements made the procedure much more popular throughout this time period. A polarized 3-D method improves precision while improving viewing pleasure. For example, Natural Vision, introduced in 1952, fixed the dual cameras to approach the human eye distance. More exact 3-D formats gave a more realistic sense of depth. It was popular in adventure, science fiction, and horror films, giving 3-D a kitsch feel. 3D flicks like Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954) and House of Wax (2001). 1953 (Harris, 2021). As the stereoscopic fad faded, both Hitchcock’s Dial M for Murder (1954) and Kiss Me Kate (1953) were screened “flat.” It’s clear that stereoscopic filming technologies haven’t lost their attractiveness since the 1950s. Sexually explicit and X-rated 3-D movies dominated the 1960s box office. 3-D has recently made a resurgence in the digital age. In addition to fragmented, discontinuous editing and extensive takes that let actors explore a situation. Because of the blend of reality, subjectivity, and commentary, these films could contain ambiguous characters, motives, and even endings that were not quite obvious. The New Wave movement in France was thus established. A landmark point in numerous independent courses of cinematic history, Midnight Cowboy by John Schlesinger was shot in the spring of 1968 in the wonderfully filthy crossroads of Times Square (Advameg, 2022). New York film, adult content barrier-breaker, buddy film, and probably most importantly, as a film that helped create the idea of a gay film viable, the movie represented a true dividing line, even if it wasn’t instantly acknowledged (Advameg, 2022). According to New York Times critic Vincent Canby, “if you go down West 42nd Street and avoid the looks of drifters and the small islands where hustlers congregate, you won’t feel isolated after seeing it.” “However,” he added, “it’s not a film for the ages.” Canby’s fleabag hotels, pawnshops, and other urban/corporate rebranding efforts have all been successful in driving them out of business. One of the earliest films to highlight their struggle, Midnight Cowboy has endured the test of time. Analyze the important social, economic, and industrial factors responsible for the emergence of the New Hollywood in the early 1970s. What were the causes of the industry-wide recession from 1969 to 1970? Which new audiences did the Majors subsequently attempt to target? Describe the ways in which Hollywood style was modified in order to reach these new audiences. Draw on Midnight Cowboy or other films of the period to support your answer. Even though the decade began with Hollywood in a state of financial and artistic depression, the United States film industry enjoyed its most creative period throughout the 1970s. Their prevalence increased as censorship of language, sexual content, and violence became less stringent (Britannica, 2020). People’s lives were profoundly affected by each of these movements. Many fresh and innovative filmmakers (wrongly termed “Movie Brats” during the Hollywood New Wave) regenerated and revitalized Hollywood during the studio system’s downfall (Sablik, 2013). However, contrary to what many people believe, Hollywood’s counterculture of the time encouraged it to take greater risks and experiment with new, younger filmmakers while older Hollywood professionals and older-style moguls went away. European “New Wave” movements (French and Italian included) as well as other foreign-language filmmakers’ unique works provided filmmakers with a glimpse of new possibilities, story-telling methodologies, and more meaningful “artistic” options in the late 1960s (Nast, 2021). Despite a brief nudity scene, The Last Picture Show (1971) was nominated for eight Academy Award Awards. Filmmaker Peter Bogdanovich, a former student of Orson Welles, became a Hollywood hot commodity after directing The Last Picture Show, making him one of the most sought-after directors. It is estimated that the Great Recession, one of the most significant economic drops in American history, lasted from December 2007 to June 2009. Investing and deregulation. There are a lot of factors that led to the emergence of New Hollywood (Sablik, 2013). They: Before the Great Recession, there was a decade of expansion, low inflation, and two minor economic recession. Between the early 1980s and 2007, the Great Moderation was in full swing. The word itself implies that the old boom-and-bust business cycle has been substituted with a more steady but nonetheless moderate economic growth. Reckless expenditure by risk-takers was a result of unbridled optimism. Growth was expected by everyone, from homebuyers to bankers (Sablik, 2013). Weak defenses were created by this, making dangerous actions like aggressive investment and borrowing appear safe. As with corporate bonds, MBS and CDOs had to be approved by credit rating agencies before they could trade. The “Big Three” are Moody’s, S&P, and Fitch Group. These organizations assigned AAA ratings to many assets, even though they contained many problematic mortgages. Subprime mortgage crisis. After being low throughout the early 2000s, interest rates rose in 2004 due to economic overheating and inflation fears (Britannica, 2020). In mid-2004, it was 1.25 percent. By mid-2006, the rate was 5.25%. The rate boost couldn’t have arrived sooner. After a period of consolidation in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the “New Hollywood” that emerged appealed to a younger demographic (Nast, 2021). A demographic of genuine viewers aged ten to twenty-four attracted to high-concept films and celebrity vehicles, the “teen and preteen bubble” was created by studios (Sablik, 2013). High-concept blockbusters and saturation booking went hand in hand during the fourteen weeks between Memorial Day and Labor Day. A new film is simultaneously released on more than two thousand screens, supported by an extensive national advertising campaign, since 1975’s Jaws (Britannica, 2020). Saturation Booking expanded its operations to provide shopping mall movie theaters in the suburbs, taking advantage of the population shift away from decaying metropolitan cities and their failing movie palaces. References Advameg. (2022). The television age – Technology – film, movie, music, cinema. Www.filmreference.com. http://www.filmreference.com/encyclopedia/Romantic-Comedy-Yugoslavia/Technology-THE-TELEVISION-AGE.html Britannica. (2020). Hollywood | History, Movies, & Facts. Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/place/Hollywood-California Britannica. (2022). auteur theory | Definition & Directors | Britannica. Www.britannica.com. https://www.britannica.com/art/auteur-theory#:~:text=ArisinginFranceinthe Cacchiotti, N. (2019, December 11). Top 36 Movies and TV Shows Featuring Autism | Autism Research Institute. Autism Research Institute. https://www.autism.org/autism-movies/ Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica. (2017). auteur theory | Definition & Directors. In Encyclopædia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/art/auteur-theory Nast, C. (2021, April 1). The Making of “Midnight Cowboy,” and the Remaking of Hollywood. The New Yorker. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2021/04/12/the-making-of-midnight-cowboy-and-the-remaking-of-hollywood Harris, M. (2021, April). Midnight Cowboy: On the Fringe. The Criterion Collection. https://www.criterion.com/current/posts/5705-midnight-cowboy-on-the-fringe Sablik, T. (2013, November 22). Recession of 1981–82 | Federal Reserve History. Www.federalreservehistory.org. https://www.federalreservehistory.org/essays/recession-of-1981-82 Vassiliki Malouchou. (2020, April). Flashbacks: AC In the ’60s – The American Society of Cinematographers. Ascmag.com. https://ascmag.com/articles/flashbacks-ac-in-the-60s

CST 640 – Project 4: FTK Investigations

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